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Periodontal Disease

Definition: Gum disease is a condition marked by the inflammation of your gum line. This condition can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. The three stages of gum disease — from least to most severe — are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.

The 3 stages of Gum Disease 

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Advanced Periodontitis

Signs - Symptoms

  • Swollen, red, tender gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Receding gums, gum tissues separates from the tooth leaving a gap
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth

Typical Treatment (Consult a doctor for medical advice)

  • Proper Oral Hygiene - Keep your mouth clean - regular brushing your teeth, flossing, and using mouthwash.
  • Medications
  • Penicillin - Antibiotics
  • Topical antiseptic - Destroys or prevents the growth of microorganisms on the skin that may cause infection.
  • Removal of unhealthy gum tissue - Surgical removal. Gingivectomy - Surgical removal of diseased gum tissue.
    Gingivoplasty - Surgery to reshape healthy gum tissue around the teeth.


National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Mouth Healthy - American Dental Association

Image of mother and daughter brushing teeth together